Healthcare in Tumkur
The health system in Tumkur district is similar to the system followed all across India. It is composed of private and government, formal and informal service providers, and secondary and tertiary hospitals with single doctor clinics. The government health services offer preventive and curative services. The hospitals and primary health care providers follow an independent administrative structure, while the larger towns have urban health centre’s catering to the limited population. But, the locals have a preference for nearby Taluka hospitals, leaving the urban health care centre as preventive care providers. The private sector is functionally independent from the government. The Karnataka Clinic Establishment Act aims at making the government and private sector hospitals accountable to the government health offices.
Health Infrastructure in Tumkur
The District has 1 hospital, 4 Community Health Centres, 9 Taluka Hospitals, 1 Unani Hospital and 3 Ayurveda Hospitals. There is 1 Taluka Hospital in Tumkur city which has 10 Delivery rooms, 8 Operation Theatres, 8 functional vehicles and has 90% of the sanctioned beds functioning. Thourgh there is a shortage of specialists in all hospitals in the Taluka.
Tumkur district has 140 Primary Health Care centres, 106 Private Hospitals, 96 Private Clinics with allopathic doctors, 40 Private Nursing Homes and 3376 Anganwadi centre’s. Taluka hospitals and Community Health Centre’s provide secondary healthcare, whereas district hospitals are tertiary health care centre’s with super specialty treatments. Arogya Raksh Samiti is functional in each Taluka hospital and helps with drugs and Injection availability and purchase.
There are 1879 Accredited Social Health Activists in the district, out of which 1372 are in Tumkur city. These activists help to form Village Health and Sanitation Committees in various villages within the city. The 523 Health Sub centre’s in the district cover over 5000 people in Tumkur city. Such centre’s help register pregnant women and provide antenatal check-ups, institutional deliveries and postnatal care. Theses centres provide vaccinations to all children under the area they cover, family planning and disease surveillance. A community monitoring mechanism is functional in the health and sanitation of Tumkur city.
Various Mechanisms like Community Monitoring, Quality Assurance Program, and increasing the transparency and accountability of all health providers, has improved the health and sanitation in Tumkur district over the past few years effectively.