Geography of Tumkur
Call it Tumkur, Tumakuru or the Coconut City, this town has everything to offer for everyone. Whether you are on a religious pilgrimage or just looking for an adventure, Tumkur with its various temples with their own historic sites and amazing forts is a great place for exploring India.
Tumkur is located northwest of Bangalore, about 73 kilometers from the capital city and is at an elevation of 2696 feet or 822 meters. It is a part of the Tumkur district with its ten talukas namely, Tumkur, Sira, Turuvakere, Kunigal, Tiptur, Madhugiri, Koratgere, Chikkanayakanahalli, Gubbi and Pavagada, with its district headquarters in Tumkur City. Each district consists of one or two cities, a small number of towns and numerous villages. The Tumkur District, an area of 10,598 square kilometers, is bounded by Mandhya district from the South side, Chikkamangalore from the north east side, Chitradurga and Hassan district from the west side and Ananthapura (district belonging to Andhra Pradesh) from the southeast side.
Lying on the latitude of 13.34° N and longitude of 77.1° E, Tumkur City is the largest city in Tumkur District, which is fourth largest district in India with a population of 26,81,449 according to Census 2011 and a population of 5,16,661 in Tumkur city.
Topography of TumkurThe Tumkur District consists of an elevated land crisscrossed by river valleys. A series of hills of almost 4000 feet or 1200 meters intersects the district from north to south forming the divisions between Krishna and Kaveri rivers. Tumkur gets its main water supply from its two main water streams, namely, Jayamangala and the Shimsha, which flow in their full form during the rainy season. The slopes of the hill Devarayanadurga are filled with dense forests. Wildlife such as leopards, wild boar and bears are found here. Moreoever, earlier in the 1950’s there were some sightings of Tigers as well, but now none of the reports have been confirmed yet.
Weather of Tumkur
Tumkur is generally warm throughout the year, however the winter months can become as low as 16 degree Celsius. The best time to visit Tumkur would be during winters between the months of October and March, as the weather is quite pleasant during these months and the city looks beautifully washed from the rains.
Summer in Tumkur
The summers are very hot in Tumkur and are generally avoided by the tourists. Summer in Tumkur starts in the month of March and lasts till the month of May. The temperature during summer months can go as high as 400C and as low as 310C.
Monsoon in Tumkur
The monsoon season in Tumkur is generally spans between the months of June and September. Tumkur experiences heavy rainfall during monsoon and with average rainfall of 39 inches or 1000 mm.
Winter in Tumkur
Winter is the best season to visit Tumkur as the city is quite enjoyable during this time. Winter starts from the month of October and lasts till early March. The temperature during winter is usually between 160 to 300 Celcius.
Natural Resources in Tumkur
Tumkur has a considerable amount of mineral wealth and natural resources such as iron ore, quartz, silver-sand, graphite, corundum, dolomite, clay, soap stone are found here in abundance.
About 3721956 tonnes of iron ore is mined annually which is found on the hillsides. Limestone is second in quantity with around 333591 tonnes. Quartz lies at the end with around 250 tonnes.
Dams and Canals in Tumkur
Hemavathy Canal Zone in Tumkur was established in 1987 especially for the implementation of Y-alignment canal system and forming exits at Nagamangala Branch, Bagur Navile Tunnel and Tumkur Branch Canal with structures belonging to the Hemavathy Reservoir Project.
There are two major canals in Tumkur, namely, Tumkur Branch Canal, which is 240 kms long with an authorized capacity of 1429 cusecs and Nagamangla Branch Canal, which is 78.50 kms long with an authorized capacity of 890 cusecs.