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For anyone who is planning to stay in the city permanently or for a short duration, it is important for them to know the legal system prevalent in the city. This article provides a short idea about the courts in Tumkur and their functioning.
District and Sessions Court in Tumkur
The District and Sessions court is the highest court in Tumkur district, which comes directly under the High court of Karnataka. The district court also becomes the Sessions court when it performs jurisdiction on criminal affairs under Code of Criminal Procedure. The State Government appoints one District judge for each district court and an additional district judges or assistant judges incase of heavy workload. The judge is called a District judge when he is supervising civil affairs and is called a Sessions Judge when he is supervising criminal affairs. The first District and Sessions Court in Tumkur was established in October 1st, 1964. Since then five additional District and Sessions courts have established.
Family Court in Tumkur
A Family Court in Tumkur handles all matters relating to family affairs such as custody of children, validity of marital status of an individual and sometimes these courts take up divorce related matters as well. The first family court in India was set up in 1984 through the Family Courts Act 1984 for speedy solution of family and marriage related affairs. Tumkur has only one Family Court that was established on June 6th, 2013.
Fast Track Court in Tumkur
The Fast Track Courts in India were established to quickly and efficiently dispose of cases that had been pending for very long in the Sessions Courts. The first Fast Track Court in Tumkur was established on May 26th, 2003.
Courts of Judicial Magistrate of First Class
Courts of Judicial Magistrate or CJM are the second last level in the Criminal Court Structure of India. The CJM are established by the State Government with the help of the High Court of that State (Karnataka in case of Tumkur) in particular districts. A Judicial Magistrate comes directly under the Sessions Court and is an assistant to Chief Judiciary Magistrate. Currently Tumkur has two courts of Judicial Magistrate and four Courts of Judicial Magistrate of First Class operating in the city.